Talking about urinary incontinence doesn’t have to be a taboo. Continue reading below to further understand the condition and know why it should not be an embarrassment. RELATED: Urinary Incontinence Causes & Treatments
Understanding Urinary IncontinenceWhat is Urinary Incontinence? A condition where one loses control over the passing of urine.
Urinary Incontinence is a Legitimate Medical ConditionReluctance to the topic of urine and other myths about urinary incontinence discourage a lot of men from getting the help they need to improve their bladder control. There are millions of people suffering from incontinence, you are not alone. Urinary incontinence or urine leakage may happen to anyone because of the following:
- The sphincter, the muscle that holds and closes the neck of the bladder, weakens.
- There are strong muscle contractions in the bladder.
- The bladder isn’t regularly emptied.
- The prostate gland
- Prostate removal due to cancer
- Enlargement of the prostate or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Types of Urinary Incontinence
1. Stress IncontinenceThe bladder involuntarily releases urine when it is subjected to pressure—when coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting heavy objects.
2. Urge IncontinencePatients with this type of incontinence experience a constant urge to pee (even if they just did) because of irregular contractions of the bladder.
3. Overflow IncontinenceThis type is often a result of other medical conditions such as urethral narrowing. Patients experience involuntary release of urine when the bladder becomes overly full despite not having the urge to urinate.
4. Total IncontinenceThis is characterized by the continual leakage of urine, a total loss of bladder control, brought by complete sphincter deficiency.
A Look On a Healthy Functioning BladderThe bladder is a hollow organ found in the lower abdomen that stores urine—the liquid waste produced by the kidneys. From each kidney, urine passes through the tubes called ureters to the bladder. Then, this excretion is expelled out of the body through another tube called the urethra. The bladder expands as it fills with urine. As we feel the pressure of urine exerted on the bladder, we get the urge to take a leak. This pressure triggers the brain to send a message to the inner lining of the bladder forcing this muscle to tighten. This allows the urine to flow out of the bladder. Simultaneously, the sphincter muscle around the urethra relaxes making urination possible. The process of urination involves the synergy of nerves and muscles to prevent leakage. Damage, injury, or weakening of either nerves or muscles can lead to incontinence. Some of the causes of urinary incontinence include:
- Prostate removal
- Urethral Strictures
- Detrusor External Sphincter Dyssynergia (DESD)
- Pelvic Trauma
- Spinal cord damage
- Neurological disorders
- Multiple sclerosis
What are the Signs of Urinary Incontinence?It’s best to consult your doctor right away if you involuntarily release urine during the following:
- When you cough,
- Sleep, and
- Change positions (from lying or sitting to standing).